How one can Do the Bicycle Crunch for Sharp Abs and Obliques

Ab workouts are one of many few varieties of train that some individuals are instinctively drawn to whether or not they’re devoted lifters or not. Many individuals use ab workouts as an entry level into some sort of normal train, which is nice. Hopefully they ultimately transfer on to include coaching their different physique elements, however a begin is a begin.

Whether or not it’s performing crunches earlier than breakfast or sit-ups earlier than mattress, some individuals make constant ab coaching a precedence. Some even take it a step additional and use progressively tougher workouts, which is the place the bicycle crunch usually seems.

Credit score: MDV Edwards / Shutterstock

By combining a rotational higher physique motion with decrease physique coordination, the bicycle crunch can successfully prepare your abdominals and indirect muscle groups in unison. This makes it an efficient muscle-builder whereas additionally creating athletic core energy that may carry over to efficiency on the sector, within the ring, or on the lifting platform. Right here’s learn how to get probably the most out of this entire core-builder.

Bicycle Crunch

How one can Do the Bicycle Crunch Step By Step

The bicycle crunch might appear like it requires “pat your head and rub your abdomen”-levels of total-body coordination, but it surely doesn’t. Break the train into its part elements and you may be taught the approach.

Step 1 — Lie on the Floor

Person on gym floor doing ab crunch
Credit score: Bojan656 / Shutterstock

Lie face up on the bottom along with your legs bent at roughly 90-degrees. Your ft ought to be within the air along with your toes pointed up. Relaxation your head on the bottom and convey your arms to your ears. Let your fingertips barely contact your head behind your ears along with your palms dealing with the ceiling.

It is a acquainted setup for a lot of ground-based ab workouts whether or not it’s a full sit-up, crunch, or any associated variation. Some workouts would have your ft planted flat on the bottom, however the bicycle crunch requires your legs to start within the air.

Kind Tip: Don’t interlock your fingers and cradle the again of your head. This might put you in place to unconsciously crank your neck to finish repetitions. Your fingers ought to calmly contact the edges of your head or your ears.

Step 2 — Pedal the Bike

Muscular person in gym doing bicycle crunch
Credit score: Dusan Petkovic / Shutterstock

The bicycle crunch will get its descriptive title from the decrease physique motion that seems much like driving a motorbike. Contract your core muscle groups to boost each shoulders barely off the bottom. As your torso comes up, convey your left leg up and in towards your higher physique.

On the identical time, “crunch” your higher physique ahead and lean your proper facet towards the approaching leg. The vary of movement shall be comparatively quick, so give attention to bringing the alternative sides collectively.

Don’t overfocus on reaching your elbow to your knee. That may result in flapping your arms with diminished core activation. As an alternative, take into consideration bringing one shoulder towards the alternative knee despite the fact that they don’t want to truly contact on the prime of the motion.

Kind Tip: Visualize an X-shaped band throughout the entrance of your physique. As you progress, take into consideration every line drawing one leg and the alternative shoulder nearer collectively.

Step 3 — Repeat the Rhythm

Long-haired person outdoors doing bicycle crunches on floor
Credit score: Prostock-studio / Shutterstock

After a powerful contraction on the prime, prolong your left leg ahead whereas reducing your higher physique to the ground. When your shoulders are on the bottom and your leg is returned to the beginning place, easily transition to repeat the motion with the opposite facet.

Draw your proper leg towards your torso whereas crunching your higher physique ahead and leaning the left facet of your physique into the approaching leg. As you full a number of repetitions, alternating sides with every rep, you might ultimately discover a pure rhythm not not like the rhythm wanted to pedal a motorbike easily.

Kind Tip: Carry out every repetition slowly at first. Concentrate on the cross-body activation and core recruitment. As you change into extra snug with the motion, steadily enhance the velocity with out sacrificing the standard of particular person reps.

Bicycle Crunch Errors to Keep away from

As a result of the bicycle crunch includes your legs and torso working collectively, there are a number of alternatives for issues to go fallacious. Listed here are some huge points to be careful for.

Elbows Flapping

Some individuals misread the cross-body motion of bringing their legs and higher physique collectively, and find yourself swinging their higher arms and elbows towards their knee as a substitute of activating their abdominals.

person on floor doing bicycle crunch
Credit score: Desizned / Shutterstock

This not solely reduces the work accomplished by your abs, however it could doubtlessly pressure your shoulders or neck. Preserve the motion strict, preserve give attention to feeling your abdominals working to crate the motion, and don’t make it a precedence to drive your elbow and knee to the touch in the course of your physique.

Keep away from it: Preserve your arms very calmly towards your head, which is able to make any shoulder or elbow motion extra noticeable. As you crunch, preserve your elbows “again” practically according to your ears. Don’t permit them to level ahead.

Shoulders Keep within the Air

One unhealthy behavior some individuals develop when performing high-rep units of bicycle crunches is holding an ab contraction, remaining within the prime of a crunch place, whereas “pedaling” their legs and explosively rotating their shoulders backwards and forwards.

person in home gym doing bicycle crunch
Credit score: Floor Image / Shutterstock

Whereas this might doubtlessly enhance some work on your indirect muscle groups, you’re short-changing your abdominals since you’re holding a static contraction as a substitute of working by way of a spread of movement.

Keep away from it: Deal with every section of the motion as separate elements — crunch and twist in a single route, decrease absolutely, crunch and twist to the alternative facet, decrease absolutely once more, repeat. Don’t attempt to rush by way of the set by finishing reps as rapidly as attainable.

Not Sufficient Leg Motion

The bicycle crunch requires you to drive one leg up with every repetition. Performing the higher physique motion with out additionally “working” your decrease physique modifications the train. As an alternative of a bicycle crunch, it turns into a comparatively extra fundamental twisting crunch.

Muscular person outdoors doing bicycle crunch
Credit score: RomarioIen / Shutterstock

This may be an efficient train by itself benefit, but it surely doesn’t supply the identical decrease ab and hip flexor recruitment of the bicycle crunch. (1) If you happen to start a set aspiring to get the advantages of the bicycle crunch, be sure that’s the motion you find yourself performing.

Keep away from it: In case your legs aren’t shifting, you’re not performing a bicycle crunch. With every repetition, draw your leg in towards your higher physique and prolong it as the alternative facet strikes.

How one can Progress the Bicycle Crunch

Though it’s a bodyweight exercise, the bicycle crunch could be thought-about comparatively superior since you’re working your higher and decrease physique collectively. Work as much as the complete motion by mastering these foundational actions.


Arguably probably the most basic ab train of all time, the essential ground crunch is a vital motion to be conversant in. The crunch affords decrease physique stability, along with your ft firmly on the bottom. The motion additionally enables you to zone-in on creating a powerful stomach contraction over a brief vary of movement.

Make certain to not flip the crunch right into a full sit-up by elevating your torso too excessive. The sit-up will also be an efficient train but it surely gained’t carry over as straight when constructing to a bicycle crunch.

Twisting Crunch

As talked about earlier, failing to correctly incorporate your legs into the train turns the bicycle crunch right into a twisting crunch. Nonetheless, you possibly can flip that scenario round by intentionally performing the twisting crunch as a strategy to construct up core energy for the extra superior bicycle crunch.

By studying learn how to crunch “up and over,” you’re recruiting your obliques and abdominals right into a single motion. While you change into snug and succesful with the twisting crunch, add the alternating leg motion to evolve the train into the bicycle crunch.

Advantages of the Bicycle Crunch

The bicycle crunch recruits your whole core by involving your higher physique and decrease physique with rotational motion. This makes it a flexible and efficient train for a lot of basic objectives.

Core Energy

Athletes in conventional sports activities, strength sports athletes, and leisure lifters can all profit from a stronger core. Core energy has additionally been proven to assist scale back decrease again ache. (2)

The bicycle crunch could be an environment friendly addition to a complete core-strengthening routine. The train works higher and decrease physique coordination and energy switch, whereas additionally activating the obliques, which might play a serious position in lots of athletic actions from operating to throwing.

Ab Muscle Growth

The higher abdominals are recruited in lots of ab workouts, however the decrease abs are solely closely activated when the hips and decrease physique are concerned in a given motion. The bicycle crunch achieves this elevated muscle activation by way of repetitive leg motion.

The twisting movement of the torso additionally prompts the indirect muscle groups, that are strongly recruited throughout rotational actions. As a result of it maximizes activation of a number of totally different ab muscle groups, the bicycle crunch is a really complete body weight ab train.

Muscle tissues Labored by the Bicycle Crunch

Most ab workouts, as anticipated, prepare your abs. The bicycle crunch kicks it up a notch by involving rotational motion which additionally recruits the obliques on the edges of your abs.


Your abdominals, or rectus abdominis, run alongside the entrance of your torso from the underside of your chest to your hips. The abdominals are technically one single muscle with varied muscle insertions, which suggests the muscle must be skilled with quite a lot of actions for full growth. (3)

Muscular person standing outdoors flexing ab muscles
Credit score: Dragon Photos / Shutterstock

Basically, actions centered on curling the trunk with a secure decrease physique will emphasize the “higher” portion of the abs whereas actions that emphasize curling the hips with a secure higher physique, comparable to a reverse crunch, are simpler at recruiting the “decrease” part of the muscle.


The obliques are a pair of muscle groups on both facet of your abdominals, close to your hips. Your obliques primarily work to rotate your torso, in addition to resist rotation. The indirect muscle groups are additionally activated facet facet flexion — bringing your shoulder nearer to your hip in a sideways movement.

Throughout the bicycle crunch, your obliques are strongly recruited as your torso twists within the route of your approaching leg. So-called “love handles” are sometimes physique fats that your genetics have determined to retailer close to your indirect muscle groups. Opposite to well-liked fable, coaching your indirect muscle groups won’t create love handles.

How one can Program the Bicycle Crunch

As an environment friendly ab train, the bicycle crunch can discover a dwelling in any well-planned ab exercise. Listed here are a number of tips to get much more profit.

Unweighted, Reasonable to Excessive Repetition

The character of the bicycle crunch motion doesn’t lend itself to including exterior resistance. Carrying a weighted vest can impede torso rotation and including leg weights will excessively fatigue your smaller hip flexor muscle groups earlier than focusing on your ab muscle groups.

To get probably the most out of the train, use solely your physique weight as resistance and give attention to reaching a powerful muscular contraction with every repetition. Attempt finishing two to 4 units of 10 to twenty repetitions. Depend as soon as to every facet as a facet rep — left leg to proper shoulder adopted by proper leg to left shoulder could be one single repetition, not two.

Body weight Circuit

As a result of the one “gear” required to do the bicycle crunch is a transparent part of ground, the train makes an environment friendly addition to a body weight train circuit (technically a exercise complex, if all of the workouts are bodyweight-only). For a fast and efficient conditioning exercise, attempt the next for 3 to 5 whole circuits.

  • Reverse Lunge — 10 reps per leg
  • Push-up — 15 reps
  • Bicycle crunch — 20 reps

Bicycle Crunch Variations

Whether or not you’ve mastered the bicycle crunch or want one other full core-building train to enhance it, listed below are a few of the most comparable actions.

Hanging Scissor Kick

The scissor kick is a dangling leg elevate variation. It includes dynamic motion, alternating your legs with every repetition. Though your higher physique isn’t actively concerned in performing a crunch, you possibly can nonetheless profit from a cross-body motion — particularly for those who “angle” your kick barely towards your reverse shoulder.

Don’t let your grip energy restrict efficiency. If mandatory, use lifting straps to safe your self to the overhead bar. The train will also be accomplished along with your elbows supported at a “Captain’s chair” knee elevate station.

Cable Woodchop

The cable woodchop, particularly the high-to-low variation, strongly recruits your obliques with stabilization help out of your abdominals. Your decrease physique offers a secure base, whereas pivoting in your ft creates a powerful switch of energy for better athletic carryover.

The low-to-high woodchop variation might be used for selection, however might excessively recruit your shoulder muscle groups. The low-to-high motion additionally requires much less ab and indirect involvement in alternate for extra decrease and higher again activation.

Useless Bug

The lifeless bug might have one of the vital visually descriptive train names of all time, but it surely’s additionally an underrated motion for core energy. It seems much like be a “gradual movement bicycle crunch” because of the cross-body motion and arm/leg coordination.

One key to getting probably the most from the lifeless bug is to maintain your decrease again flat on the bottom. In case your decrease again arches, you considerably scale back the core energy advantages. To remain centered in your decrease again place, you’ll want to transfer slowly and intentionally, not like the usually extra fast-paced bicycle crunch.


What number of ab workouts ought to I do in every exercise?

This relies on your total coaching program. If in case you have one exercise per week devoted to training abs, you may have the ability to slot in 4 of 5 workouts — ideally focusing on a spread of various actions and muscle sections.
If you happen to’re including abs into a bigger session like a shoulder workout or arm day, one or two workouts ought to be loads. As a result of the bicycle crunch works your whole abs and obliques in one-go, it’s a superb selection for this strategy.


  1. Sarti, M. A., Monfort, M., Fuster, M. A., & Villaplana, L. A. (1996). Muscle exercise in higher and decrease rectus abdominus throughout stomach workouts. Archives of bodily medication and rehabilitation, 77(12), 1293–1297.
  2. Smrcina, Z., Woelfel, S., & Burcal, C. (2022). A Systematic Overview of the Effectiveness of Core Stability Workout routines in Sufferers with Non-Particular Low Again Ache. Worldwide journal of sports activities bodily remedy, 17(5), 766–774.
  3. Escamilla, R. F., Lewis, C., Bell, D., Bramblet, G., Daffron, J., Lambert, S., Pecson, A., Imamura, R., Paulos, L., & Andrews, J. R. (2010). Core muscle activation throughout Swiss ball and conventional stomach workouts. The Journal of orthopaedic and sports activities bodily remedy, 40(5), 265–276.

Featured Picture: Floor Image / Shutterstock

Trending Merchandise

Add to compare
Amazon Basics Flat Weight Workout Exercise Bench, Black

Amazon Basics Flat Weight Workout Exercise Bench, Black


We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply

Register New Account
Compare items
  • Total (0)
Shopping cart